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285. Palumbo, C. T.; Gu, N. X.; Bleem, A. C.; Sullivan, K. P.; Katahira, R.; Stanley, L. M.; Kenny, J. K.; Ingraham, M. A.; Ramirez, K. J.; Haugen, S. J.; Amendola, C. R.; Stahl, S. S.; Beckham, G. T. Catalytic carbon-carbon bond cleavage in lignin via manganese-zirconium-mediated autoxidation. Nat. Commun202415. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-45038-z284. King, D. S.; Wang, F.; Gerken, J. B.; Gaggioli, C. A.; Guzei, I. A.; Kim, Y. J.; Stahl, S. S.; Gagliardi, L. Divergent Bimetallic Mechanisms in Copper(II)-Mediated C-C, N-N, and O-O Oxidative Coupling Reactions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2024, 146, 3521-3530. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.3c13649

283. Hoque, M. A.; Gerken, J. B.; Stahl, S. S. Synthetic dioxygenase reactivity by pairing electro-chemical oxygen reduction and water oxidationScience 2024, 383, 173-178. DOI: 10.1126/science.adk5097

282. Mandal, M.; Buss, J. A.; Chen, S.-J.; Cramer, C. J.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic insights into radical formation and functionalization in copper/N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide radical-relay reactionsChem. Sci. 2024, 15, 1364-1373. DOI: 10.1039/D3SC03597B

281. Rafiee, M.; Abrams, D. J.; Cardinale, L.; Goss, Z.; Romero-Arenas, A.; Stahl, S. S. Cyclic Voltammetry and Chronoamperometry: Mechanistic Tools for Organic Electrosynthesis. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2024, 53, 566-585. DOI: 10.1039/D2CS00706A

280. Gerken, J. B.; Stamoulis, A.; MacDonnell, M. L.; Stahl, S. S. Rate Equations for Reversible Disproportionation Reactions and Fitting to Time-Course DataJ. Phys. Chem. A. 2024, 128, 328-332DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.3c05232


279. Chen, S.-J.; Krska, S. W.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Benzylic C-H Cross-Coupling Enabled by Redox Buffer: Expanding Synthetic Access to Three-Dimensional Chemical SpaceAcc. Chem. Res. 202356, 3604-3615. DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.3c00580

278. Gu, N. X.; Palumbo, C. T.; Bleem, A. C.; Sullivan, K. P.; Haugen S. J.; Woodworth, S. P.; Ramirez, K. J.; Kenny, J. K.; Stanley, L. D.; Katahira, R.; Stahl, S. S.; Beckham, G. T. Autoxidation Catalysis for Carbon-Carbon Bond Cleavage in LigninACS. Cent. Sci. 2023, 9, 2277-2285. DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.3c00813

277. Bates, J. S.; Martinez, J. J.; Hall, M. N.; Al-Omari, A. A.; Murphy, E.; Zeng, Y.; Luo, F.; Primbs, M.; Menga, D.; Bibent, N.; Sougrati, M.T.; Wagner, F. E.; Atanassov, P.; Wu, G.; Strasser, P.; Fellinger, T-P.; Jaouen, F.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Chemical Kinetic Method for Active-Site Quantification in Fe-N-C Catalysts and Correlation with Molecular Probe and Spectroscopic Site-Counting Methods. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023145, 26222-26237. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.3c08790

276. Cardinale, L.; Stahl, S. S.; Kalyani, D.; Lehnherr, D. Overview of Outer-sphere Electron Transfer Mediators for Electrosynthesis. Adv. Catal. 2023, 27, 57-102. DOI:10.1016/bs.acat.2023.07.009.

275. Maity, S.; Lopez, M. A.; Bates, D. M.; Lin, S.; Krska, S. W.; Stahl, S. S. Polar Heterobenzylic C(sp3)-H Chlorination Pathway Enabling Efficient Diversification of Aromatic Nitrogen Heterocycles. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023145, 36, 19832–19839.DOI: 10.1021/jacs.3c05822

274. Twilton, J.; Johnson, M. R.; Sidana, V.; Franke, M. C.; Bottecchia, C.; Lehnerr, D.; Lévesque, F.; Knapp, S. M. M.; Wang, L.; Gerken, J. B.; Hong, C. M.; Vickery, T. P.; Weisel, M. D.; Strotman, N. A.; Weix, D. J.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Quinone-Mediated Hydrogen Anode to Support Scalable Ni-Catalyzed Cross-Electrophile CouplingNature, 2023623, 71-76.DOI:10.1038/s41586-023-06534-2

273. Stamoulis, A. G.; Bruns, D. L.; Stahl, S. S. Optimizing the Synthetic Potential of O2: Implications of Overpotential in Homogeneous Aerobic Oxidation CatalysisJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023145, 17515-17526. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.3c02887

272. Chen, S.-J.; He, C. Q.; Lin, S.; Krska, S. W.; Stahl, S. S. Accessing Three-Dimensional Molecular Diversity through Benzylic C–H Cross-Coupling. Nature Synth. 2023, 2, 998-1008. DOI: 10.1038/s44160-023-00332-4

271. Bates, J. S.; Johnson, M. R.; Khamespanah, F.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Heterogeneous M-N-C Catalysts for Aerobic Oxidation Reactions: Lessons from Oxygen Reduction ElectrocatalystsChem. Rev. 2023, 123, 62336256. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.2c00424

270. Golden, D. L.; Zhang, C.; Chen, S.-J.; Vasilopoulos, A.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Benzylic C-H Esterification with Limiting C-H Substrate Enabled by Photochemical Redox Buffering of the Cu Catalyst. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023, 145, 94349440. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.3c01662

269. Carroll, G. M.; Gebbie, M. A.; Stahl, S. S.; Johnson, M. R.; Luca, O. R.; Petersen, H. A.; Bomble, Y. J.; Neale, N. R.; Cortight, R. D. Alternative Energy Carriers: Unique Interfaces for Electrochemical Hydrogenic Transformations. Adv. Energy Mater. 2023, 2203751. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.202203751

268. Su, Z.-M.; Twilton, J.; Hoyt, C. B.; Wang, F.; Stanley, L.; Mayes, H. B.; Kang, K.; Weix, D. J.; Beckham, G. T.; Stahl, S. S. Ni- and Ni/Pd-Catalyzed Reductive Coupling of Lignin-Derived Aromatics to Access Biobased PlasticizersACS Cent. Sci. 2023, 9, 159-165. DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.2c01324


267. Michael, K. H.; Su, Z.-M.; Wang, R.; Sheng, H.; Li, W.; Wang, F.; Stahl, S. S.; Jin, S. Pairing of Aqueous and Nonaqueous Electrosynthetic Reactions Enabled by a Redox Reservoir Electrode. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2022, 144, 22641–22650. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.2c09632

266. Sullivan, K. P.; Werner, A. Z.; Ramirez, K. J.; Ellis, L. D.; Bussard, J. R.; Black, B. A.; Brandner, D. G.; Bratti, F.; Buss, B. L.; Dong, X.; Haugen, S. J.; Ingraham, M. A.; Konev, M. O.; Michener, W. E.; Miscall, J.; Pardo, I.; Woodworth, S. P.; Guss, A. M.; Román-Leshkov, Y.; Stahl, S. S.; Beckham, G. T. Mixed Plastics Waste Valorization Through Tandem Chemical Oxidation and Biological FunnelingScience 2022378 (6166), 207-211. DOI: 10.1126/science.abo4626

265. Bates, J. S.; Khamespanah, F.; Cullen, D. A.; Al-Omari, A. A.; Hopkins, M. N.; Martinez, J. J.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Molecular Catalyst Synthesis Strategies to Prepare Atomically Dispersed Fe-N-C Heterogeneous CatalystsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2022, 144, 18797-18802. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.2c08884

264. Franke, M. C.; Longley, V. R.; Rafiee, M.; Stahl, S. S.; Hansen, E. C.; Weix, D. J. Zinc-free, Scalable Reductive Cross-Electrophile Coupling Driven by Electrochemistry in an Undivided CellACS Catal. 202212, 12617-12626. DOI: 10.1021/2c03033

263. Speelman, A. L.; Gerken, J. B.; Heins, S. P.; Wiedner, E. S.; Stahl, S. S.; Appel, A. M. Determining Overpotentials for the Oxidation of Alcohols by Molecular Electrocatalysts in Non-Aqueous Solvents. Energy Environ. Sci. 202215, 4015-4024. DOI: 10.1039/D2EE01458K

262. Hoque, M. A.; Twilton, J.; Zhu, J.; Graaf, M. D.; Harper, K. C.; Tuca, E.; DiLabio, G. A.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical PINOylation of Methylarenes: Improving the Scope and Utility of Benzylic Oxidation through Mediated ElectrolysisJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2022144, 15295-15302. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.2c05974

261. Goes, S. L.; Nutting, J. E.; Hill, N. J.; Stahl, S. S.; Rafiee, M. Exploring Electrosynthesis: Bulk Electrolysis and Cyclic Voltammetry Analysis of the Shono OxidationJ. Chem. Educ. 202299, 3242-3248. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.2c00221.

260. Westlie, A. H.; Chen, E. Y.-X.; Holland, C. M.; Stahl, S. S.; Doyle, M.; Trenor, S. R.; Knauer, K. M. Polyolefin Innovations toward Circularity and Sustainable AlternativesMacromol. Rapid Commun. 2022, 2200492. DOI: 10.1002/marc.202200492.

259. Howland, W. C.; Gerken, J. B.; Stahl, S. S.; Surendranath, Y. Thermal Hydroquinone Oxidation on Co/N-doped Carbon Proceeds by a Band-Mediated Electrochemical MechanismJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2022144, 11253–11262. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.2c02746.

258. Golden, D. L.; Suh, S.-E.; Stahl, S. S. Radical C(sp3)–H Functionalization and Cross-Coupling Reactions. Nat. Rev. Chem. 2022, 6, 405-427. DOI: 10.1038/s41570-022-00388-4.

257. Bruns, D. L.; Stahl, S. S. Thermodynamic-Kinetic Comparison of Palladium(II)-Mediated Alcohol and Hydroquinone Oxidation. Organometallics 2022, 41, 3161-3166. DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.2c00017.

256. Bates, J. S.; Biswas, S.; Suh, S.-E.; Johnson, M. R.; Mondal, B.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Chemical and Electrochemical O2 Reduction on Earth-Abundant M-N-C Catalysts and Implications for Mediated Electrolysis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2022, 144, 922-927. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c11126.

255. Lopez, M. A.; Buss, J. A.; Stahl, S. S. Cu-Catalyzed Site-Selective Benzylic Chlorination Enabling Net C-H Coupling with Oxidatively Sensitive Nucleophiles. Org. Lett. 2021, 24, 597-601. DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.1c04038.

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254. Alherech, M.; Omolabake, S.; Holland, C. M.; Klinger, G. E.; Hegg, E. L.; Stahl, S. S. From Lignin to Valuable Aromatic Chemicals: Lignin Depolymerization and Monomer Separation via Centrifugal Partition Chromatography. ACS Cent. Sci. 2021, 7, 1831-1837. DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.1c00729.

253. Nutting, J. E.; Gerken, J. B.; Stamoulis, A. G.; Bruns, D. L.; Stahl, S. S. “How Should I Think about Voltage? What is Overpotential?”: Establishing an Organic Chemistry Intuition for ElectrochemistryJ. Org. Chem. 2021, 86, 15875-15885. DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.1c01520.

252. Luo, H.; Weeda, E. P.; Alherech, M.; Anson, C. W.; Karlen, S. D.; Cui, Y.; Foster, C. E.; Stahl, S. S. Oxidative Catalytic Fractionation of Lignocellulosic Biomass under Non-alkaline ConditionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021143, 15462-15470. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c08635.

251. Chen, S.-J.; Golden, D. L.; Krska, S. W.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling of Benzylic C–H Bonds and Azoles with Controlled N-Site Selectivity. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 14438-14444. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c07117.

250. Stamoulis, A. G.; Geng, P.; Schmidt, M. A.; Eastgate, M. D.; Borovika, A.; Fraunhoffer, K. J.; Stahl, S. S. Sustainable Pd(OAc)2 Hydroquinone Cocatalyst System for Cis-Selective Dibenzoyloxylation of 1,3-CyclohexadieneAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021, 60, 23182-23186. DOI: 10.1002/anie.202108499.

249. Suh, S.-E.; Nkulu, L. E.; Lin, S.; Krska, S. W.; Stahl, S. S. Benzylic C–H Isocyanation/Amine Coupling Sequence Enabling High-Throughput Synthesis of Pharmaceutically Relevant Ureas. Chem. Sci. 202112, 10380-10387. DOI: 10.1039/D1SC02049H. 

248. Nutting, J. E.; Mao, K.; Stahl, S. S. Iron(III) Nitrate/TEMPO-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation: Distinguishing between Serial versus Integrated Redox CooperativityJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021143, 10565-10570. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c05224

247. Kozack, C. V.; Tereniak, S. J.; Jaworski, J. N.; Li, B.; Bruns, D. L.; Knapp, S. M. M.; Landis, C. R.; Stahl, S. S. Benzoquinone Cocatalyst Contributions to DAF/Pd(OAc)2-Catalyzed Aerobic Allylic Acetoxylation in the Absence and Presence of a Co(salophen) CocatalystACS Catal. 202111, 6363-6370. DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.1c01074

246. Jonathan, A.; Eagan, N. M.; Bruns, D. L.; Stahl, S. S.; Lanci, M. P.; Dumesic, J. A.; Huber, G. W. Ethylene Oligomerization into Linear Olefins Over Cobalt Oxide on Carbon CatalystCatal. Sci. Technol. 202111, 3599-3608. DOI: 10.1039/d1cy00207d

245. Vasilopoulos, A.; Krska, S. W.; Stahl, S. S. C(sp3)–H Methylation Enabled by Peroxide Photosensitization and Ni-Mediated Radical CouplingScience 2021372, 398-403. DOI: 10.1126/science.abh2623

244. Zhong, X.; Hoque, M. A.; Graaf, M. D.; Harper, K. C.; Wang, F.; Genders, J. D.; Stahl, S. S. Scalable Flow Electrochemical Alcohol Oxidation: Maintaining High Stereochemical Fidelity in the Synthesis of LevetiracetamOrg. Process Res. Dev. 202125, 2601-2607. DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.1c00036

243. Salazar, C. A.; Thompson, B. J.; Knapp, S. M. M.; Myers, S. R.; Stahl, S. S. Multichannel Gas-Uptake/Evolution Reactor for Monitoring Liquid-Phase Chemical ReactionsRev. Sci. Instrum. 202192, 044103. DOI: 10.1063/5.0043007

242. Cui, Y.; Goes, S. L.; Stahl, S. S. Sequential Oxidation-Depolymerization Strategies for Lignin Conversion to Low Molecular Weight Aromatic Chemicals. Adv. Inorg. Chem. 202177, 99-136. DOI: 10.1016/bs.adioch.2021.02.003

241. Wang, D.; Salazar, C. A.; Stahl, S. S. Catalyst-Controlled Regioselectivity in Pd-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Arylation of IndolesOrganometallics 202140, 2198-2203. DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.1c00139.

240. Wang, F.; Sheng, H.; Li, W.; Gerken, J. B.; Jin, S.; Stahl, S. S. Stable Tetrasubtituted Quinone Redox Reservoir for Enhancing Decoupled Hydrogen and Oxygen EvolutionACS Energy Lett. 20216, 1533-1539. DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.1c00236

239. Liu, W.; Twilton, J.; Wei, B.; Lee, M.; Hopkins, M. N.; Bacsa, J.; Stahl, S. S.; Davies, H. M. L. Copper-Catalyzed Oxidation of Hydrazones to Diazo Compounds Using Oxygen as the Terminal OxidantACS Catal. 202111, 2676-2683. DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.1c00264

238. Yuan, Z.; Klinger, G. E.; Nikafshar, S.; Cui, Y.; Fang, Z.; Alherech, M.; Goes, S.; Anson, C.; Singh, S. K.; Bals, B.; Hodge, D. B.; Nejad, M.; Stahl, S. S.; Hegg, E. L. Effective Biomass Fractionation through Oxygen-Enhanced Alkaline–Oxidative PretreatmentACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 20219, 1118-1127. DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c06170

237. Wang, F.; Li, W.; Wang, R.; Guo, T.; Sheng, H.; Fu, H.-C.; Stahl, S. S.; Jin, S. Modular Electrochemical Synthesis Using a Redox Reservoir Paired with Independent Half- ReactionsJoule 20215, 149-165. DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2020.11.011.

236. Goes, S. L.; Mayer, M. N.; Nutting, J. E.; Hoober-Burkhardt, L. E.; Stahl, S. S.; Rafiee, M. Deriving the Turnover Frequency of Aminoxyl-Catalyzed Alcohol Oxidation by Chronoamperometry: An Introduction to Organic Electrocatalysis. J. Chem. Educ. 2021, 98, 600-606. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.0c01244.

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235. Salazar, C. A.; Flesch, K. N.; Haines, B. E.; Zhou, P. S.; Musaev, D. G.; Stahl, S. S. Tailored Quinones Support High-Turnover Pd Catalysts for Oxidative C–H Arylation with O2Science 2020, 370, 1454–1460. DOI: 10.1126/science.abd1085.

234.  Bruns, D. L.; Musaev, D. G.; Stahl, S. S. Can Donor Ligands Make Pd(OAc)2 a Stronger Oxidant? Access to Elusive Palladium(II) Reduction Potentials and Effects of Ancillary Ligands via Palladium(II)/Hydroquinone Redox EquilibriaJ. Am. Chem. Soc2020, 142, 19678–19688. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c09464.

233. Tereniak, S. J.; Bruns, D. L.; Stahl, S. S. Pd-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Thiophenes: Synergistic Benefits of Phenanthroline Dione and a Cu CocatalystJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 20318–20323. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c09962.

232. Wang, Y.-H.; Mondal, B.; Stahl, S. S. Molecular Cobalt Catalysts for O2 Reduction to H2O2: Benchmarking Performance via Rate–Overpotential Correlations. ACS Catal. 202010, 12031-12039. DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.0c02197

231. Klinger, G. E.; Zhou, Y.; Foote, J. A.; Wester, A. M.; Cui, Y.; Alherech, M.; Stahl, S. S.; Jackson, J. E.; Hegg, E. L. Nucleophilic Thiols Reductively Cleave Ether Linkages in Lignin Model Polymers and Lignin. ChemSusChem 202013, 4394–4399. DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202001238

230. Vasilopoulos, A.; Golden, D. L.; Buss, J. A.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed C–H Fluorination/Functionalization Sequence Enabling Benzylic C–H Cross Coupling with Diverse Nucleophiles. Org. Lett. 2020, 22, 5753-5757. DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.0c02238

229. Buss, J. A.; Vasilopoulos, A.; Golden, D. L.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Functionalization of Benzylic C–H Bonds with N-Fluorobenzenesulfonimide: Switch from C–N to C–F Bond Formation Promoted by a Redox Buffer and Brønsted Base. Org. Lett. 2020, 22, 5749-5752. DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.0c02239

228. Suh, S.-E.; Chen, S.-J.; Mandal, M.; Guzei, I. A.; Cramer, C. J.; Stahl, S. S. Site-Selective Copper-Catalyzed Azidation of Benzylic C–H BondsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 11388–11393. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c05362

227. Wang, F.; Gerken, J. B.; Bates, D. M.; Kim, Y. J.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical Strategy for Hydrazine Synthesis: Development and Overpotential Analysis of Methods for Oxidative N–N Coupling of an Ammonia SurrogateJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020142, 12349–12356. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c04626.

226. Gerken, J. B.; Anson, C. W.; Preger, Y.; Symons, P. G.; Genders, J. D.; Qiu, Y.; Li, W.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Comparison of Quinone‐Based Catholytes for Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries and Demonstration of Long‐Term Stability with Tetrasubstituted QuinonesAdv. Energy Mater. 202010, 2000340. doi: 10.1002/aenm.202000340

225. Li, Y.; Karlen, S. D.; Demir, B.; Kim, H.; Luterbacher, J.; Dumesic, J. A.; Stahl, S. S.; Ralpha, J. Mechanistic Study of Diaryl Ether Bond Cleavage During Palladium-Catalyzed Lignin HydrogenolysisChemSusChem 2020, 13, 4487 – 4494. doi: 10.1002/cssc.202000753

224. Preger, Y.; Johnson, M. R.; Biswas, S.; Anson, C. W.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Anthraquinone-Mediated Fuel Cell Anode with an Off-Electrode Heterogeneous Catalyst Accessing High Power Density when Paired with a Mediated CathodeACS Energy Lett2020, 5,  1407-1412. doi: 10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00631

223. Anson, C. W.; Stahl, S. S. Mediated Fuel Cells: Soluble Redox Mediators and Their Applications to Electrochemical Reduction of O2 and Oxidation of H2, Alcohols, Biomass, and Complex FuelsChem. Rev. 2020, 120, 3749-3786. doi: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00717.

222. Salazar, C. A.; Gair, J. J.; Flesch, K. N.; Guzei, I. A.; Lewis, J. C.; Stahl, S. S. Catalytic Behavior of Mono-N-Protected Amino Acid Ligands in Ligand-Accelerated C-H Activation by Palladium(II)Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 202059, 10873-10877. doi: 10.1002/anie.202002484

221. Konnick, M. M.; Knapp, S. M. M.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanism of the Reaction of an NHC-Coordinated Palladium(II)-Hydride with O2 in AcetonitrilePolyhedron 2020, 182, 114501-114508. doi: 10.1016/j.poly.2020.114501
Special issue in honor of Prof. John Bercaw on his 75th birthday.

220. Hu, H.; Chen, S.-J.; Mandal, M.; Praik, S. M.; Buss, J. A.; Krska, S. W.; Cramer, C. J.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Benzylic C-H Coupling with Alcohols via Radical Relay Enabled by Redox BufferingNat. Catal. 2020, 3, 358-367. doi: 10.1038/s41929-020-0425-1.

219. Wang, F.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical Oxidation of Organic Molecules at Lower Overpotential: Accessing Broader Functional Group Compatibility with Electron-Proton Transfer MediatorsAcc. Chem. Res. 202053, 561-574. DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00544

218. Gerken, J. B.; Stamoulis, A. G.; Suh, S.-E.; Fischer, N. D.; Kim, Y.-J.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Efficient Electrochemical Synthesis of Robust, Densely Functionalized Water Soluble QuinonesChem. Commun2020, 56, 1199-1202. DOI: 10.1039/C9CC08878D

217. Ryan, M. C.; Kim, Y.-J.; Gerken, J. B.; Wang, F.; Aristov, M. M.; Martinelli, J. R.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic Insights into Copper-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of N–N BondsChem. Sci202011, 1170-1175. DOI: 10.1039/C9SC04305E

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216. Anson, C. W.; Stahl, S. S. Processes for Electrochemical Production of Electrolyte-Free Hydrogen PeroxideJoule 20193, 2889-2891. DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2019.11.017

215. Rafiee, M.; Alherech, M.; Karlen, S. D.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical Aminoxyl-Mediated Oxidation of Primary Alcohols in Lignin to Carboxylic Acids: Polymer Modification and DepolymerizationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019141, 15266-15276. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b07243

214. Ryan, M. C.; Whitmire, L. D.; McCann, S. D.; Stahl, S. S. Copper/TEMPO Redox Redux: Analysis of PCET Oxidation of TEMPOH by Copper(II) and the Reaction of TEMPO with Copper(I)Inorg. Chem. 2019, 58, 10194-10200. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01326

213. Das, A.; Nutting, J. E.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical C–H Oxygenation and Alcohol Dehydrogenation Involving Fe-oxo Species Using Water as the Oxygen Source. Chem. Sci. 2019, 10, 7542-7548. DOI: 10.1039/C9SC02609F

212. Piszel, P. E.; Vasilopoulos, A.; Stahl, S. S. Oxidative Amide Coupling from Functionally Diverse Alcohols and Amines using Aerobic Copper/Nitroxyl Catalysis. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 131, 12211-12215. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906130

211. Jaworski, J. N.; Kozack, C. V.; Tereniak, S. J.; Knapp, S. M. M.; Landis, C. R.; Miller, J. T.; Stahl, S. S. Operando Spectroscopic and Kinetic Characterization of Aerobic Allylic C–H Acetoxylation Catalyzed by Pd(OAc)2/4,5-Diazafluoren-9-one. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 10462-10474. DOI:10.1021/jacs.9b04699

210. Sing, S. K.; Savoy, A.; Yuan, Z.; Luo, H.; Stahl, S. S.; Hegg, E. L.; Hodge, D. B. Integrated Two-Stage Alkaline-Oxidative Pretreatment of Hybrid Poplar. Part 1: Impact of Alkaline Pre-Extraction Conditions on Process Performance and Lignin Properties. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2019, 58, 15989-15999. DOI:10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01124

209. Wang, Y.-H.; Schneider, P. E.; Goldsmith, Z. K.; Mondal, B.; Hammes-Schiffer, S.; Stahl, S. S. Brønsted Acid Scaling Relationships Enable Control Over Product Selectivity from O2 Reduction with a Mononuclear Cobalt Porphyrin Catalyst. ACS Cent. Sci. 2019, 5, 1024-1034. DOI:10.1021/acscentsci.9b00194

208. Kozack, C. V.; Sowin, J. A.; Jaworski, J. N.; Iosub, A. V.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Acyloxylation of Allylic C–H Bonds Initiated by a Pd0 Precatalyst with 4,5‐Diazafluoren‐9‐one as an Ancillary Ligand. ChemSusChem 2019, 12, 3003-3007. DOI:10.1002/cssc.201900727

207. Perez, J. M.; Kontur, W. S.; Alherech, M.; Coplien, J.; Karlen, S. D.; Stahl, S. S.; Donohue, T. J.; Noguera, D. R. Funneling aromatic products of chemically depolymerized lignin into 2-pyrone-4-6-dicarboxylic acid with Novosphingobium aromaticivorans. Green Chem. 2019, 21, 1340-1350. DOI: 10.1039/C8GC03504K

206. Wang, F.; Stahl, S. S. Merging Photochemistry with Electrochemistry: Functional Group Tolerant Electrochemical Amination of sp³ C–H Bonds. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58, 6385-6390. DOI:10.1002/anie.201813960

205. Li, B.; Wendlandt, A. E.; Stahl, S. S. Replacement of Stoichiometric DDQ with a Low Potential o-Quinone Catalyst Enabling Aerobic Dehydrogenation of Tertiary Indolines in Pharmaceutical IntermediatesOrg. Lett. 2019, 21, 1176-1181. DOI:10.1021/acs.orglett.9b00111

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204. Preger, Y.; Gerken, J. B.; Biswas, S.; Anson, C. W.; Johnson, M. R.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Quinone-Mediated Electrochemical O2 Reduction Accessing High Power Density with an Off-Electrode Co-N/C CatalystJoule 2018, 2, 2722-2731. DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2018.09.010

203. Lennox, A. J. J.; Goes, S. L.; Webster, M. P.; Koolman, H. F.; Djuric, S. W.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical Aminoxyl-Mediated α-Cyanation of Secondary Piperidines for Pharmaceutical Building Block DiversificationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 11227-11231. DOI:10.1021/jacs.8b08145

202. Wang, Y.-H.; Goldsmith, Z. K.; Schneider, P. E.; Anson, C. W.; Gerken, J. B.; Ghosh, S.; Hammes-Schiffer, S.; Stahl, S. S. Kinetic and Mechanistic Characterization of Low-Overpotential, H2O2-Selective Reduction of O2 Catalyzed by N2O2-Ligated Cobalt ComplexesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 10890-10899. DOI:10.1021/jacs.8b06394

201. Ryan, M. C.; Martinelli, J. R.; Stahl, S. S. Cu-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative N–N Coupling of Carbazoles and Diarylamines Including Selective Cross-CouplingJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 9074-9077. DOI:10.1021/jacs.8b05245

200. Rafiee, M.; Konz, Z. M.; Graaf, M. D.; Koolman, H. F.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical Oxidation of Alcohols and Aldehydes to Carboxylic Acids by 4-Acetamido-TEMPO: An Alternative to “Anelli” and “Pinnick” OxidationsACS Catal. 2018, 8, 6738-6744. DOI:10.1021/acscatal.8b01640

199. Preger, Y.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Platinum-Based Heterogenous Catalysts for Nitrile Synthesis via Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Alcohols and AmmoniaACS Omega 2018, 3, 6091-6096. DOI:10.1021/acsomega.8b00911

198. Wang, F.; Rafiee, M.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical Functional-Group-Tolerant Shono-Type Oxidation of Cyclic Carbamates Enabled by Aminoxyl MediatorsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 6686-6690. DOI:10.1002/anie.201803539

197. Nutting, J. E.; Rafiee, M.; Stahl, S. S. Tetramethylpiperidine N-Oxyl (TEMPO), Phthalimide N-Oxyl (PINO), and Related N-Oxyl Species: Electrochemical Properties and Their Use in Electrocatalytic ReactionsChem. Rev. 2018, 118, 4834-4885. DOI:10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00763

196. Wang, D.; Weinstein, A. B.; White, P. B.; Stahl, S. S. Ligand-Promoted Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation ReactionsChem. Rev. 2018, 118, 2636-2679. DOI:10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00334

195. Tereniak, S. J.; Landis, C. R.; Stahl, S. S. Are Phosphines Viable Ligands for Pd-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation Reactions? Contrasting Insights from a Survey of Six ReactionsACS Catal. 2018, 8, 3708-3714. DOI:10.1021/acscatal.8b01009

194. Das, A.; Rahimi, A.; Ulbrich, A.; Alherech, M.; Motagamwala, A. H.; Bhalla, A.; da Costa Sousa, L.; Balan, V.; Dumesic, J. A.; Hegg, E. L.; Dale, B. E.; Ralph, J.; Coon, J. J.; Stahl, S. S. Lignin Conversion to Low-Molecular-Weight Aromatics via an Aerobic Oxidation-Hydrolysis Sequence: Comparison of Different Lignin SourcesACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2018, 6, 3367-3374. DOI:10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03541

193. Mannel, D. S.; King, J.; Preger, Y.; Ahmed, M. S.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic Insights into Aerobic Oxidative Methyl Esterification of Primary Alcohols with Heterogeneous PdBiTe CatalystsACS Catal. 2018, 8, 1038-1047. DOI:10.1021/acscatal.7b02886

192. Rafiee, M.; Wang, F.; Hruszkewycz, D. P.; Stahl, S. S. N-Hydroxyphthalimide-Mediated Electrochemical Iodination of Methylarenes and Comparison to Electron-Transfer-Initiated C–H FunctionalizationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018, 140, 22-25. DOI:10.1021/jacs.7b09744

191. Gerken, J. B.; Pang, Y. Q.; Lauber, M. B.; Stahl, S. S. Structural Effects on the pH-Dependent Redox Properties of Organic Nitroxyls: Pourbaix Diagrams for TEMPO, ABNO, and Three TEMPO AnalogsJ. Org. Chem. 2018, 83, 7323-7330. DOI:10.1021/acs.joc.7b02547

190. Lennox, A. J. J.; Nutting, J. E.; Stahl, S. S. Selective Electrochemical Generation of Benzylic Radicals Enabled by Ferrocene-Based Electron-Transfer MediatorsChem. Sci. 2018, 9, 356-361. DOI:10.1039/C7SC04032F

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189. Anson, C. W.; Stahl, S. S. Cooperative Electrocatalytic O2 Reduction Involving Co(salophen) with p-Hydroquinone as an Electron–Proton Transfer MediatorJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 18472-18475. DOI:10.1021/jacs.7b11362

188. Wang, Y.-H.; Pegis, M. L.; Mayer, J. M.; Stahl, S. S. Molecular Cobalt Catalysts for O2 Reduction: Low-Overpotential Production of H2O2 and Comparison with Iron-Based CatalystsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 16458-16461. DOI:10.1021/jacs.7b09089

187. Tereniak, S. J.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic Basis for Efficient, Site-Selective, Aerobic Catalytic Turnover in Pd-Catalyzed C–H Imidoylation of Heterocycle-Containing MoleculesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 14533-14541. DOI:10.1021/jacs.7b07359

186. Walroth, R. C.; Miles, K. C.; Lukens, J. T.; MacMillan, S. M.; Stahl, S. S.; Lancaster, K. M. Electronic Structural Analysis of Copper(II)–TEMPO/ABNO Complexes Provides Evidence for Copper(I)–Oxoammonium CharacterJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 13507-13517.  DOI:10.1021/jacs.7b07186

185. Ahmed, M. S.; Mannel, D. S.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Oxidation of Diverse Primary Alcohols to Carboxylic Acids with a Heterogeneous Pd-Bi-Te/C (PBT/C) CatalystOrg. Process Res. Dev. 2017, 21, 1388-1393. DOI:10.1021/acs.oprd.7b00223

184. Das, A.; Stahl, S. S. Non-Covalent Immobilization of Molecular Electrocatalysts for Chemical Synthesis: Efficient Electrochemical Alcohol Oxidation with a Pyrene-TEMPO ConjugateAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 8892-8897. DOI:10.1002/anie.201704921

183. Vasilopoulos, A.; Zultanski, S. L.; Stahl, S. S. Feedstocks to Pharmacophores: Cu-Catalyzed Oxidative Arylation of Inexpensive Alkylarenes Enabling Direct Access to DiarylalkanesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 7705-7708. DOI:10.1021/jacs.7b03387

182. Wang, D.; Stahl, S. S. Pd-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Biaryl Coupling: Non-Redox Cocatalysis by Cu(OTf)2 and Discovery of Fe(OTf)3 as a Highly Effective CocatalystJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 5704-5707. DOI:10.1021/jacs.7b01970

181. Goldsmith, Z. K.; Harshan, A. K.; Gerken, J. B.; Vörös, M.; Galli, G.; Stahl, S. S.; Hammes-Schiffer, S. Characterization of NiFe oxyhydroxide electrocatalysts by integrated electronic structure calculations and spectroelectrochemistryProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2017, 114, 3050-3055. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1702081114

180. McCann, S. D.; Lumb, J.-P.; Arndtsen, B. A.; Stahl, S. S. Second-Order Biomimicry: In Situ Oxidative Self-Processing Converts Copper(I)/Diamine Precursor into a Highly Active Aerobic Oxidation CatalystACS Cent. Sci. 2017, 3, 314-321. DOI:10.1021/acscentsci.7b00022

179. Jaworski, J. N.; McCann, S. D.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Detection of Palladium(I) in Aerobic Oxidation CatalysisAngew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 3605-3610. DOI:10.1002/anie.201700345

178. Mannel, D. S.; Ahmed, M. S.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Discovery of Multicomponent Heterogeneous Catalysts via Admixture Screening: PdBiTe Catalysts for Aerobic Oxidative Esterification of Primary AlcoholsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 1690-1698. DOI:10.1021/jacs.6b12722

177. Hruszkewycz, D. P.; Miles, K. C.; Thiel, O. R.; Stahl, S. S. Co/NHPI-mediated aerobic oxygenation of benzylic C–H Bonds in pharmaceutically relevant moleculesChem. Sci. 2017, 8, 1282-1287. DOI:10.1039/C6SC03831J

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176. Huynh, M. T.; Anson, C. W.; Cavell, A. C.; Stahl, S. S.; Hammes-Schiffer, S. Quinone 1 e and 2 e/2 H+ Reduction Potentials: Identification and Analysis of Deviations from Systematic Scaling RelationshipsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 15903–15910.  DOI:10.1021/jacs.6b05797

175. Iosub, A. V.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Dehydrogenation of Cyclic Hydrocarbons for the Synthesis of Substituted Aromatics and Other Unsaturated ProductsACS. Catal. 2016, 6, 8201-8213. DOI:10.1021/acscatal.6b02406

174. Zhang, W.; Wang, F.; McCann, S. D.; Wang, D.; Chen, P.; Stahl, S. S.; Liu, G. Enantioselective cyanation of benzylic C–H bonds via copper-catalyzed radical relayScience 2016, 353, 1014-1018. DOI:10.1126/science.aaf7783

173. Miles, K. C.; Abrams, L. M.; Landis, C. R.; Stahl, S. S. KetoABNO/NOx Cocatalytic Aerobic Oxidation of Aldehydes to Carboxylic Acids and Access to α-Chiral Carboxylic Acids via Sequential Asymmetric Hydroformylation/OxidationOrg. Lett. 2016, 18, 3590–3593. DOI:10.1021/acs.orglett.6b01598

172. Clagg, K.; Hou, H.; Weinstein, A. B.; Russell, D.; Stahl, S. S.; Koenig, S. G. Synthesis of Indole-2-carboxylate Derivatives via Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Amination of Aryl C–H BondsOrg. Lett. 2016, 18, 3586–3589. DOI:10.1021/acs.orglett.6b01592

171. Badalyan, A.; Stahl, S. S. Cooperative electrocatalytic alcohol oxidation with electron-proton-transfer mediatorsNature 2016, 535, 406–410. DOI:10.1038/nature18008

170. Zultanski, S. L.; Zhao, J.; Stahl, S. S. Practical Synthesis of Amides via Copper/ABNO-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Alcohols and AminesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 6416–6419. DOI:10.1021/jacs.6b03931

169. White, P. B.; Jaworski, J. N.; Geyunjian, H. Z.; Stahl, S. S. Diazafluorenone-Promoted Oxidation Catalysis: Insights into the Role of Bidentate Ligands in Pd-Catalyzed Aerobic Aza-Wacker ReactionsACS Catal. 2016, 6, 3340-3348. DOI:10.1021/acscatal.6b00953

168. White, P. B.; Jaworski, J. N.; Fry, C. G.; Dolinar, B. S.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Structurally Diverse Diazafluorene-Ligated Palladium(II) Complexes and Their Implications for Aerobic Oxidation ReactionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 4869-4880. DOI:10.1021/jacs.6b01188

167. Anson, C. W.; Ghosh, S.; Hammes-Schiffer, H.; Stahl, S. S. Co(salophen)-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation of p-Hydroquinone: Mechanism and Implications for Aerobic Oxidation CatalysisJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 4186-4193. DOI:10.1021/jacs.6b00254

166. Shaner, S. E.; Hooker, P. D.; Nickel, A.-M.; Leichtfuss, A. R.; Adams, C. S.; de la Cerda, D.; She, Y.; Gerken, J. B.; Pokhrel, R.; Ambrose, N. J.; Khaliqi, D.; Stahl, S. S.; Schuttlefield Christus, J. D. Discovering Inexpensive, Effective Catalysts for Solar Energy Conversion: An Authentic Research Laboratory ExperienceJ. Chem. Ed. 2016, 93, 650-657. DOI:10.1021/acs.jchemed.5b00591

165. McCann, S. D.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanism of Copper/Azodicarboxylate-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation: Evidence for Uncooperative CatalysisJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 199-206. DOI:10.1021/jacs.5b09940

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164. Chen, J. Y. C.; Dang, L.; Liang, H.; Bi, W.; Gerken, J. B.; Jin, S.; Alp, E. E.; Stahl, S. S. Operando Analysis of NiFe and Fe Oxyhydroxide Electrocatalysts for Water Oxidation: Detection of Fe4+ by Mössbauer SpectroscopyJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 15090-15093. DOI:10.1021/jacs.5b10699a

163. Rafiee, M; Miles, K. C.; Stahl, S. S. Electrocatalytic Alcohol Oxidation with TEMPO and Bicyclic Nitroxyl Derivatives: Driving Force Trumps Steric EffectsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 14751–14757. DOI:10.1021/jacs.5b09672

162. Wendlandt, A. E.; Stahl, S. S. Quinone-Catalyzed Selective Oxidation of Organic MoleculesAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 14638-14658. DOI:10.1002/anie.201505017

161. Steves, J. E.; Stahl, S. S. Stable TEMPO and ABNO Catalyst Solutions for User-Friendly (bpy)Cu/Nitroxyl-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol OxidationJ. Org. Chem. 2015, 80, 11184–11188. DOI:10.1021/acs.joc.5b01950

160. Iosub, A. V.; Stahl, S. S. Catalytic Aerobic Dehydrogenation of Nitrogen Heterocycles Using Heterogeneous Cobalt Oxide Supported on Nitrogen-Doped CarbonOrg. Lett. 2015, 17, 4404-4407. DOI:10.1021/acs.orglett.5b01790

159. Gerken, J. B.; Stahl, S. S. High-Potential Electrocatalytic O2 Reduction with Nitroxyl/NOx Mediators: Implications for Fuel Cells and Aerobic Oxidation CatalysisACS Cent. Sci. 2015, 1, 234-243. DOI:10.1021/acscentsci.5b00163

158. Steves, J. E.; Preger, Y.; Martinelli, J. R.; Welch, C. J.; Root, T. W.; Hawkins, J. M.; Stahl, S. S. Process Development of CuI/ABNO/NMI-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol OxidationOrg. Process Res. Dev. 2015, 19, 1548–1553. DOI:10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00179

157. Zheng, C.; Stahl, S. S. Regioselective Aerobic Oxidative Heck Reactions with Electronically Unbiased Alkenes: Efficient Access to α-Alkyl VinylareneChem. Commun. 2015, 51, 12771–12774. DOI:10.1039/C5CC05312A

156. Pokhrel, R.; Goetz, M. K.; Shaner, S. E.; Wu X.; Stahl, S. S. The “Best Catalyst” for Water Oxidation Depends on the Oxidation Method Employed: A Case Study of Manganese OxidesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 8384–8387. DOI:10.1021/jacs.5b05093

155. Greene, J. F.; Preger, Y.; Stahl, S. S.; Root, T. W. PTFE-Membrane Flow Reactor for Aerobic Oxidation Reactions and Its Application to Alcohol OxidationOrg. Process Res. Dev. 2015, 19, 858–864. DOI:10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00125

154. McCann, S. D.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidations of Organic Molecules: Pathways for Two-Electron Oxidation with a Four-Electron Oxidant and a One-Electron Redox-Active CatalystAcc. Chem. Res. 2015, 48, 1756–1766. DOI:10.1021/acs.accounts.5b00060

153. Zultanski, S. L.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium-catalyzed aerobic acetoxylation of benzene using NOx-based redox mediatorsJ. Organomet. Chem. 2015, 793, 263-268. DOI:10.1016/j.jorganchem.2015.03.003

152. Miles, K. C.; Stahl, S. S. Practical Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation with Cu/Nitroxyl and Nitroxyl/NOx Catalyst SystemsAldrichimica Acta 2015, 48, 8-10.

151. Xie, X.; Stahl, S. S. Efficient and Selective Cu/Nitroxyl-Catalyzed Methods for Aerobic Oxidative Lactonization of DiolsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 3767–3770. DOI:10.1021/jacs.5b01036

150. Iosub, A. V.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Cyclohexenes to Substituted Arene DerivativesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 3454–3457. DOI:10.1021/ja512770u

149. Parajuli, R.; Gerken, J. B.; Keyshar, K.; Sullivan, I.; Sivasankar, N.; Teamey, K.; Stahl, S. S.; Cole E. B. Integration of Anodic and Cathodic Catalysts of Earth-Abundant Materials for Efficient, Scalable CO2 ReductionTop. Catal. 2015, 58, 57-66. DOI:10.1007/s11244-014-0345-x

148. Kim, J.; Stahl, S. S. Cu-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Three-Component Coupling Route to N-Sulfonyl Amidines via an Ynamine IntermediateJ. Org. Chem. 2015, 80, 2448–2454. DOI:10.1021/jo5029198

147. Osterberg, P. M.; Niemeier, J. K.; Welch, C. J.; Hawkins, J. M.; Martinelli, J. R.; Johnson, T. E.; Root, T. W; Stahl, S. S. Experimental Limiting Oxygen Concentrations for Nine Organic Solvents at Temperatures and Pressures Relevant to Aerobic Oxidations in the Pharmaceutical IndustryOrg. Process Res. Dev. 2015, 19, 1537–1543. DOI:10.1021/op500328f

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146. Rahimi, A.; Ulbrich, A.; Coon, J. J.; Stahl S. S. Formic-acid-induced depolymerization of oxidized lignin to aromaticsNature 2014, 515, 249–252. DOI:10.1038/nature13867

145. Mannel, D. S.; Stahl, S. S; Root, T. W. Continuous Flow Aerobic Oxidation Reactions Using a Heterogeneous Ru(OH)x/Al2O3 CatalystOrg. Process Res. Dev. 2014, 18, 1503–1508. DOI:10.1021/op5002676

144. Stephenson, N. A.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Ammonolysis of anilides promoted by ethylene glycol and phosphoric acidRSC Adv. 2014, 4, 46840-46843. DOI:10.1039/C4RA09065A

143. Wendlandt, A. E.; Stahl, S. S. Modular o‑Quinone Catalyst System for Dehydrogenation of Tetrahydroquinolines under Ambient ConditionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 11910–11913. DOI:10.1021/ja506546w

142. Ryland, B. L.; McCann, S. D.; Brunold, T. C.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanism of Alcohol Oxidation Mediated by Copper(II) and Nitroxyl RadicalsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 12166–12173. DOI:10.1021/ja5070137

141. Weinstein, A. B.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium catalyzed aryl C–H amination with O2 via in situ formation of peroxide-based oxidant(s) from dioxaneCatal. Sci. Technol. 2014, 4, 4301-4307. DOI:10.1039/C4CY00764F

140. Ryland, B. L.; Stahl, S. S. Practical Aerobic Oxidations of Alcohols and Amines with Homogeneous Copper/TEMPO and Related Catalyst SystemsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 8824-8838. DOI:10.1002/anie.201403110

139. Diao,T.; Stahl, S. S. O2-promoted allylic acetoxylation of alkenes: Assessment of “push” versus “pull” mechanisms and comparison between O2 and benzoquinonePolyhedron 2014, 84, 96–102. DOI:10.1016/j.poly.2014.06.038

138. White, P. B. and Stahl, S. S. 4,5-Diazafluoren-9-onee-EROS 2014, , 1-3. DOI:10.1002/047084289X.rn01700

137. Wang, D.; Izawa, Y.; Stahl, S. S. Pd-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Arenes: Evidence for Transmetalation between Two Pd(II)-Aryl IntermediatesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 9914-9917. DOI:10.1021/ja505405u

136. Gerken, J. B.; Shaner, S. E.; Massé, R. C.; Porubsky, N. J.; Stahl, S. S. A survey of diverse earth abundant oxygen evolution electrocatalysts showing enhanced activity from Ni-Fe oxides containing a third metalEnergy Environ. Sci. 2014, 7, 2376-2382. DOI:10.1039/C4EE00436A

135. Gladysz, J. A.; Bedford, R. B.; Fujita, M.; Gabbaı̈, F. P.; Goldberg, K. I.; Holland, P. L.; Kiplinger, J. L.; Krische, M. J.; Louie, J.; Lu, C. C.; Norton, J. R.; Petrukhina, M. A.; Ren, T.; Stahl, S. S.; Tilley, T. D.; Webster, C. E.; White, M. C.; Whiteker, G. T. Organometallics Roundtable 2013–2014. Organometallics 2014, 33, 1505-1527. DOI:10.1021/om500253z

134. Stahl, S. S.; Diao, T. Oxidation Adjacent to C=X bonds by DehydrogenationComp. Org. Synth. 2014, 7, 178-212. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-08-097742-3.00707-2

133. Chen, J. Y. C.; Miller, J. T.; Gerken, J. B.; Stahl, S. S. Inverse Spinel NiFeAlO4 as a Highly Active Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalyst: Promotion of Activity by a Redox-Inert Metal IonEnergy Environ. Sci. 2014, 7, 1382-1386. DOI:10.1039/C3EE43811B

132. Tsybizova, A.; Ryland, B. L.; Tsierkezos, N.; Stahl, S. S.; Roithová, J.; Schröder, D. Speciation Behavior of Copper(II) Acetate in Simple Organic Solvents – Revealing the Effect of Trace WaterEur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2014, 1407-1412. DOI:10.1002/ejic.201400036

131. Wendlandt, A. E.; Stahl, S. S. Bioinspired Aerobic Oxidation of Secondary Amines and Nitrogen Heterocycles with a Bifunctional Quinone CatalystJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 506-512. DOI:10.1021/ja411692v

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130. Hoover, J. M.; Ryland, B. L; Stahl, S. S. Copper/TEMPO-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation: Mechanistic Assessment of Different Catalyst SystemsACS Catal. 2013, 3, 2599–2605. DOI:10.1021/cs400689a

129. Lauber, M. B.; Stahl, S. S. Efficient Aerobic Oxidation of Secondary Alcohols at Ambient Temperature with an ABNO/NOx Catalyst SystemACS Catal. 2013, 3, 2612–2616. DOI:10.1021/cs400746m

128. Steves, J. E.; Stahl, S. S. Copper(I)/ABNO-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation: Alleviating Steric and Electronic Constraints of Cu/TEMPO Catalyst SystemsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 15742-15745. DOI:10.1021/ja409241h

127. Weinstein, A. B.; Schuman, D. P.; Tan, Z. X.; Stahl, S. S. Synthesis of Vicinal Aminoalcohols by Stereoselective Aza-Wacker Cyclizations: Access to (−)-Acosamine by Redox RelayAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 51, 11867-11870. DOI:10.1002/anie.20130592

126. Greene, J. F.; Hoover, J. M.; Mannel, D. S.; Root, T. W.; Stahl, S. S. Continuous-Flow Aerobic Oxidation of Primary Alcohols with a Copper(I)/TEMPO CatalystOrg. Process Res. Dev. 2013, 17, 1247-1251. DOI:10.1021/op400207f

125. Powell, A. B.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Oxidation of Diverse Primary Alcohols to Methyl Esters with a Readily Accessible Heterogeneous Pd/Bi/Te CatalystOrg. Lett. 2013, 15, 5072-5075. DOI:10.1021/ol402428e

124. Hong, W. P.; Iosub, A. V.; Stahl, S. S. Pd-Catalyzed Semmler–Wolff Reactions for the Conversion of Substituted Cyclohexenone Oximes to Primary AnilinesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 13664–13667. DOI:10.1021/ja4073172

123. Kim, J.; Stahl, S.S. Cu/Nitroxyl-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation of Primary Amines into Nitriles at Room TemperatureACS Catal. 2013, 3, 1652-1656. DOI:10.1021/cs400360e

122. Suess, A. M.; Ertem, M. Z.; Cramer, C. J.; Stahl, S. S. Divergence between Organometallic and Single-Electron Transfer Mechanisms in Copper(II)-Mediated Aerobic C–H OxidationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 9797–9804. DOI:10.1021/ja4026424

121. Martinez, C.; Wu, Y.; Weinstein, A. B.; Stahl, S. S.; Liu, G.; Muniz, K. Palladium-Catalyzed Intermolecular Aminoacetoxylation of Alkenes and the Influence of PhI(OAc)2 on Aminopalladation StereoselectivityJ. Org. Chem. 2013, 78, 6309–6315. DOI:10.1021/jo400671q

120. Pun, D.; Diao, T.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Dehydrogenation of Cyclohexanone to Phenol Catalyzed by Pd(TFA)2/2-Dimethylaminopyridine: Evidence for the Role of Pd-NanoparticlesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 8213–8221. DOI:10.1021/ja403165u

119. Diao, T.; Pun, D.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Dehydrogenation of Cyclohexanone to Cyclohexenone Catalyzed by Pd(DMSO)2(TFA)2: Evidence for Ligand-Controlled ChemoselectivityJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 8205–8212. DOI:10.1021/ja4031648

118. Hoover, J. M.; Stahl, S. S. Air Oxidation of Primary Alcohols Catalyzed by Copper(I)/TEMPO. Preparation of 2-Amino-5-bromo-benzaldehyde. Org. Synth. 2013, 90, 240-250. 13OS Hoover PDF

117. Rahimi, A.; Azarpira, A.; Kim, H.; Ralph, J.; Stahl, S. S. Chemoselective Metal-Free Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation in LigninJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 6415–6418. DOI:10.1021/ja401793n

116. Gerken, J. B.; Rigsby, M. L.; Ruther, R. E.; Perez-Rodriguez, R. J.; Guzei, I. A., Hamers, R. J.; Stahl, S. S. Modular Synthesis of Alkyne-Substituted Ruthenium Polypyridyl Complexes Suitable for “Click” CouplingInorg. Chem.2013, 52, 2796–2798. DOI:10.1021/ic302827s

115. Izawa, Y.; Zheng, C.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Oxidative Heck/Dehydrogenation Reactions of Cyclohexenones: Efficient Access to meta-Substituted PhenolsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 3672-3675. DOI:10.1002/anie.201209457

114. Hoover, J. M.; Ryland, B. L.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanism of Copper(I)/TEMPO-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol OxidationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 2357-2367. DOI:10.1021/ja3117203

113. Ye, X.; White, P. B.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic Studies of Wacker-Type Amidocyclization of Alkenes Catalyzed by (IMes)Pd(TFA)2(H2O): Kinetic and Stereochemical Implications of Proton TransferJ. Org. Chem. 2013, 78, 2083-2090. DOI:10.1021/jo302266t

112. Hill, N. J.; Hoover, J. M.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation Using a Copper(I)/TEMPO Catalyst System: A Green, Catalytic Oxidation Reaction for the Undergraduate Organic Chemistry LaboratoryJ. Chem. Educ. 2013, 90, 102-105. DOI:10.1021/ed300368q

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111. Diao, T.; White, P.; Guzei, I.; Stahl, S. S. Characterization of DMSO Coordination to Palladium(II) in Solution and Insights into the Aerobic Oxidation Catalyst, Pd(DMSO)2(TFA)2Inorg. Chem. 2012, 51, 11898-11909. DOI:10.1021/ic301799p

110. Weinstein, A. B.; Stahl, S. S. Reconciling the Stereochemical Course of Nucleopalladiation with the Development of Enantioselective Wacker-Type CyclizationsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 11505-11509. DOI:10.1002/anie.201206702

109. Zheng, C.; Wang, D.; Stahl, S. S. Catalyst-Controlled Regioselectivity in the Synthesis of Branched Conjugated Dienes via Aerobic Oxidative Heck Reactions.  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 16496-16499. DOI:10.1021/ja307371w

108. King, A. E.; Ryland, B. L.; Brunold, T. C.; Stahl, S. S. Kinetic and Spectroscopic Studies of Aerobic Copper(II)-Catalyzed Methoxylation of Arylboronic Esters and Instights into Aryl Transmetalation to Copper(II)Organometallics 2012, 31, 7948–7957. DOI:10.1021/om300586p

107. Rigsby, M. L.; Mandal, S.; Nam, W.; Spencer, L. C.; Llobet, A.; Stahl, S. S. Cobalt analogs of Ru-based water oxidation catalysts: Overcoming thermodynamic instability and kinetic lability to achieve electrocatalytic O2 evolutionChem. Sci. 2012, 3, 3058-3062. DOI:10.1039/C2SC20755A

106. Hoover, J. M.; Steves, J. E.; Stahl, S. S. Copper(I)/TEMPO-catalyzed aerobic oxidation of primary alcohols to aldehydes with ambient airNat. Protoc. 2012, 7, 1161-1167. DOI:10.1038/nprot.2012.057

105. Gerken, J. B.; Chen, J. Y. C.; Massé, R. C.; Powell, A. B.; Stahl, S. S. Development of O2-Sensitive Fluorescence-Quenching Assay for the Combinatorial Discovery of Electrocatalysts for Water OxidationAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 6676-6680. DOI:10.1002/anie.201201999

104. Zhang, J.; Markiewicz, M. J.; Weisblum, B.; Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H. Functionally Diverse Nylon-3 Copolymers from Readily Accessible β-LactamsACS Macro Lett. 2012, 1, 714-717. DOI:10.1021/mz300172y

103. Wendlandt, A. E.; Stahl, S. S. Chemoselective Organocatalytic Aerobic Oxidation of Primary Amines to Secondary IminesOrg. Lett. 2012, 14, 2850-2853. DOI:10.1021/ol301095j

102. Wendlandt, A. E.; Stahl, S. S. Copper(II)-mediated oxidative cyclization of enamides to oxazolesOrg. Biomol. Chem. 2012, 10, 3866-3870. DOI:10.1039/C2OB25310K

101. Lu, Z.; Stahl, S. S. Intramolecular Pd(II)-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Amination of Alkenes: Synthesis of Six-Membered N-HeterocyclesOrg. Lett. 2012, 14, 1234-1237. DOI:10.1021/ol300030w

100. Redford, J. E.; McDonald, R. I.; Rigsby, M. L.; Wiensch, J. D.; Stahl, S. S. Stereoselective Synthesis of cis-2,5-Disubstituted Pyrrolidines via Wacker-Type Aerobic Oxidative Cyclization of Alkenes with tert-Butanesulfinamide NucleophilesOrg. Lett. 2012, 14, 1242-1245. DOI:10.1021/ol3000519

99. Campbell, A. N.; Stahl, S. S. Overcoming the “Oxidant Problem”: Strategies to Use O2 as the Oxidant in Organometallic C-H Oxidation Reactions Catalyzed by Pd (and Cu)Acc. Chem. Res. 2012, 45, 851-863. DOI:10.1021/ar2002045

98. Zhang, Z.; Markiewicz, M. J.; Mowery, B. P.; Weisblum, B.; Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H. C-Terminal Functionalization of Nylon-3 Polymers: Effects of C-Terminal Groups on Antibacterial and Hemolytic ActivitiesBiomacromolecules 2012, 13, 323-331. DOI:10.1021/bm2013058

97. Diao, T.; Wadzinski, T. J.; Stahl, S. S. Direct Aerobic α,β-Dehydrogenation of Aldehydes and Ketones with a Pd(TFA)2/4,5-Diazafluorenone CatalystChem. Sci. 2012, 3, 887-891. DOI:10.1039/C1SC00724F

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96. White, P. B.; Stahl, S. S. Reversible Alkene Insertion into the Pd-N Bond of Pd(II)-Sulfonamidates and Implications for Catalytic Amidation ReactionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 18594-18597. DOI:10.1021/ja208560h

95. Wendlandt, A. E.; Suess, A. M.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative C-H Functionalizations: Trends and Mechanistic InsightsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 11062-11087.  DOI:10.1002/anie.201103945

94. Hoover, J. M.; Stahl, S. S. Highly Practical Copper(I)/TEMPO Catalyst System for Chemoselective Aerobic Oxidation of Primary AlcoholsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 16901-16910. DOI:10.1021/ja206230h

93. Diao, T.; Stahl, S. S. Synthesis of Cyclic Enones via Direct Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Dehydrogenation of KetonesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 14566-14569. DOI:10.1021/ja206575j

92. Campbell, A. N.; Meyer, E. B.; Stahl, S. S. Regiocontrolled aerobic oxidative coupling of indoles and benzene using Pd catalysts with 4,5-diazafluorene ligandsChem. Commun. 2011, 47, 10257-10259. DOI:10.1039/C1CC13632A

91. Gerken, J. B.; McAlpin, J. G.; Chen, J. Y. C.; Rigsby, M. L.; Casey, W. H.; Britt, R. D.; Stahl, S. S. Electrochemical Water Oxidation with Cobalt-Based Electrocatalysts from pH 0-14: The Thermodynamic Basis for Catalyst Structure, Stability, and ActivityJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 14431-14442. DOI:10.1021/ja205647m

90. Huffman, L. M.; Casitas, A.; Font, M.; Canta, M.; Costas, M.; Ribas, X.; Stahl, S. S. Observation and Mechanistic Study of Facile C-O Bond Formation Between a Well-Defined Aryl-Copper(III) Complex and Oxygen NucleophilesChem. Eur. J. 2011, 17, 10643-10650. DOI:10.1002/chem.201100608

89. Decharin, N.; Popp, B. V.; Stahl, S. S. Reaction of O2 with [(-)-Sparteine]Pd(H)Cl: Evidence for an Intramolecular [H-L]+ “Reductive Elimination” PathwayJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 13268-13271. DOI:10.1021/ja204989p

88. Benson, M. C.; Ruther, R. E.; Gerken, J. B.; Rigsby, M. L.; Bishop, L. M.; Tan, Y.; Stahl, S. S.; Hamers, R. J. Modular “Click” Chemistry for Electrochemically and Photoelectrochemically Active Molecular Interfaces to Tin Oxide SurfacesACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2011, 3, 3110-3119. DOI:10.1021/am200615r

87. Izawa, Y.; Pun, D.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Dehydrogenation of Substituted Cyclohexanones to PhenolsScience 2011, 333, 209-213. DOI:10.1126/science.1204183

86. Huffman, L. M.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic analysis of trans C-N reductive elimination from a square-planar macrocyclic aryl-copper(III) complexDalton Trans. 2011, 40, 8959-8963. DOI:10.1039/C1DT10463B

85. McDonald, R. I.; White, P. B.; Weinstein, A. B.; Tam, C. P.; Stahl, S. S. Enantioselective Pd(II)-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Amidation of Alkenes and Insights into the Role of Electronic Asymmetry in Pyridine-Oxazoline LigandsOrg. Lett. 2011, 13, 2830-2833. DOI:10.1021/ol200784y

84. Decharin, N.; Stahl, S. S. Benzoquinone-Promoted Reaction of O2 with a PdII HydrideJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 5732-5735. DOI:10.1021/ja200957n

83. Ruther, R. E.; Rigsby, M. L.; Gerken, J. B.; Hogendoorn, S. R.; Landis, E. C.; Stahl, S. S.; Hamers, R. J. Highly Stable Redox-Active Molecular Layers by Covalent Grafting to Conductive DiamondJ. Am. Chem. Soc.2011, 133, 5692-5694. DOI:10.1021/ja200210t

82. McDonald, R. I.; Liu, G.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Alkene Functionalization via Nucleopalladation: Stereochemical Pathways and Enantioselective Catalytic ApplicationsChem. Rev. 2011, 111, 2981-3019. DOI:10.1021/cr100371y

81. Ye, X.; Liu, G.; Popp, B. V.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic Studies of Wacker-Type Intramolecular Aerobic Oxidative Amination of Alkenes Catalyzed by Pd(OAc)2/PyridineJ. Org. Chem. 2011, 76, 1031-1044. DOI:10.1021/jo102338a

80. Konnick, M. M.; Decharin, N.; Popp, B. V.; Stahl, S. S. O2 insertion into a palladium(II)-hydride bond: Observation of mechanistic crossover between HX-reductive-elimination and hydrogen-atom-abstraction pathwaysChem. Sci. 2011, 2, 326-330. DOI:10.1039/C0SC00392A

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79. Izawa, Y.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of o-Xylene: Discovery of 2-Fluoropyridine as a Ligand to Support Selective Pd-Catalyzed C-H FunctionalizationAdv. Synth. Catal. 2010, 352, 3223-3229. DOI:10.1002/adsc.201000771

78. Campbell, A. N.; White, P. B.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Allylic C-H Acetoxylation with a 4,5-Diazafluorenone-Ligated Palladium Catalyst: A Ligand-Based Strategy to Achieve Aerobic Catalytic TurnoverJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 15116-15119. DOI:10.1021/ja105829t

77. Casitas, A.; Poater, A.; Sola, M.; Stahl, S. S.; Costas, M.; Ribas, X. Molecular mechansim of acid-triggered aryl-halide reductive elimination in well-defined aryl-CuIII-halide speciesDalton Trans. 2010, 39, 10458-10463. DOI:10.1039/C0DT00284D

76. McDonald, R. I.; Wong, G. W.; Neupane, R. P.; Stahl, S. S.; Landis, C. R. Enantioselective Hydroformylation of N-Vinyl Carboxamides, Allyl Carbamates, and Allyl Ethers Using Chiral Diazaphospholane LigandsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 14027-14029. DOI:10.1021/ja106674n

75. Gerken, J. B.; Landis, E. C.; Hamers, R. J.; Stahl, S. S. Fluoride-Modulated Cobalt Catalysts for Electrochemical Oxidation of Water under Non-Alkaline ConditionsChemSusChem 2010, 3, 1176-1179. DOI:10.1002/cssc.201000161

74. King, A. E.; Huffman, L. M.; Casitas, A.; Costas, M.; Ribas, X.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Functionalization of an Arene C-H Bond: Evidence for an Aryl-Copper(III) IntermediateJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 12068-12073. DOI:10.1021/ja1045378

73. Popp, B. V.; Morales, C. M.; Landis, C. R.; Stahl, S. S. Electronic Structural Comparison of the Reactions of Dioxygen and Alkenes with Nitrogen-Chelated Palladium(0)Inorg. Chem. 2010, 49, 8200-8207. DOI:10.1021/ic100806w

72. McDonald, R. I.; Stahl, S. S. Modular Synthesis of 1,2-Diamine Derivatives by Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Cyclization of Allylic SulfamidesAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 5529-5532. DOI:10.1002/anie.200906342

71. Ye, X.; Johnson, M. D.; Diao, T.; Yates, M. H.; Stahl, S. S. Development of safe and scalable continuous-flow methods for palladium-catalyzed aerobic oxidation reactionsGreen Chem. 2010, 12, 1180-1186. DOI:10.1039/C0GC00106F

70. Casitas, A.; King, A. E.; Parella, T.; Costas, M.; Stahl, S. S.; Ribas, X. Direct observation of CuI/CuIII redox steps relevant to Ullmann-type coupling reactionsChem. Sci. 2010, 1, 326-330. DOI:10.1039/C0SC00245C

69. Zhang, J.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Kinetics of Anionic Ring-Opening Polymerization of Variously Substituted β-Lactams: Homopolymerization and CopolymerizationMacromolecules 2010, 43, 5618-5626. DOI:10.1021/ma1010809

68. Dohm, M. T.; Mowery, B. P.; Czyzewski, A. M.; Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H.; Barron, A. E. Biophysical Mimicry of Lung Surfactant Protein B by Random Nylon-3 CopolymersJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 7957-7967. DOI:10.1021/ja909734n

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67. Lee, M.-R.; Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H.; Masters, K. S. Nylon-3 Copolymers that Generate Cell-Adhesive Surfaces Identified by Library ScreeningJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 16779-16789. DOI:10.1021/ja9050636

66. Yang, L.; Lu, Z.; Stahl, S. S. Regioselective Copper-Catalyzed Chlorination and Bromination of Arenes with O2 as the OxidantChem. Commun. 2009, 6460-6462. DOI:10.1039/B915487F

65. Stephenson, N. S.; Zhu, J.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Catalytic Transamidation Reactions Compatible with Tertiary Amide Metathesis under Ambient ConditionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 10003-10008. DOI:10.1021/ja8094262

64. Mowery, B. P.; Lindner, A. H.; Weisblum, B.;Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H. Structure-activity Relationships among Random Nylon-3 Copolymers that Mimic Antibacterial Host-Defense PeptidesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 9735-9745. DOI:10.1021/ja901613g

63. Scarborough, C. C.; Bergant, A.;Sazamaa, G.T.; Guzeia, I.A.; Spencera, L.C.; Stahl, S. S. Synthesis of Pd(II) Complexes Bearing an Enantiomerically-Resolved Seven-Membered N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands and Initial Studies of their Use in Asymmetric Wacker-Type Oxidative Cyclization ReactionsTetrahedron 2009, 65, 5084-5092. DOI:10.1016/j.tet.2009.04.072

62. King, A. E.; Brunold, T. C.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic Study of Copper-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Arylboronic Esters and Methanol: Insights into an Organometallic Oxidase ReactionJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 5044-5045. DOI:10.1021/ja9006657

61. Scarborough, C. C.; McDonald, R I.; Hartmann, C.; Sazama, G. T.; Bergant, A.; Stahl, S. S. Steric Modulation of Chiral Biaryl Diamines via Pd-Catalyzed Directed C−H ArylationJ. Org. Chem. 2009, 74, 2613-2615. DOI:10.1021/jo802632v

60. Scarborough, C. C.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Synthesis and Isolation of a Stable, Axially-Chiral Seven-Membered N-Heterocyclic CarbeneDalton Trans. 2009, 2284-2286. DOI:10.1039/B902460C

59. Popp, B. V. ; Stahl, S. S. Mechanism of Pd(OAc)2/Pyridine Catalyst Reoxidation by O2: Influence of Labile Monodentate Ligands and Identification of a Biomimetic Mechanism for O2 ActivationChem. Eur. J. 2009, 15, 2915-2922. DOI:10.1002/chem.200802311

58. Zhang, J.;Kissounko, D. A.; Lee, S. E.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Access to Poly-β-Peptides with Functionalized Side Chains and End Groups via Controlled Ring-Opening Polymerization of β-LactamsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 1589-1597. DOI:10.1021/ja8069192

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57. Lee, M.; Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H. Synthesis of β-Lactams Bearing Functionalized Side Chains from a Readily Available PrecursorOrg. Lett. 2008, 10, 5317-5319. DOI:10.1021/ol802274x

56. Epand, R. F.; Mowery, B. P.; Lee, S. E.; Stahl, S. S.; Lehrer, R. I.; Gellman, S. H.; Epand, R. M. Dual Mechanism of Bacterial Lethality for a Cationic Sequence-Random Copolymer that Mimics Host-Defense Antimicrobial PeptidesJ. Mol. Biol. 2008, 279, 38-50. DOI:10.1016/j.jmb.2008.03.047

55. Hewgley, J. B.; Stahl, S. S.; Kozlowski, M. C. Mechanistic Study of Asymmetric Oxidative Biaryl Coupling: Evidence for Self-Processing of the Copper Catalyst to Achieve Control of Oxidase vs Oxygenase ActivityJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 12232-12233. DOI:10.1021/ja804570b

54. Huffman, L. M.; Stahl, S. S. Carbon-Nitrogen Bond Formation Involving Well-Defined Aryl-CopperIII ComplexesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 9196-9197. DOI:10.1021/ja802123p

53. Konnick, M. M.; Stahl, S. S. Reaction of Molecular Oxygen with a PdII-Hydride To Produce a PdII-Hydroperoxide: Experimental Evidence for an HX-Reductive-Elimination PathwayJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 5753-5762. DOI:10.1021/ja7112504

52. Hamada, T.; Ye, X.; Stahl, S. S. Copper-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Amidation of Terminal Alkynes: Efficient Synthesis of YnamidesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 833-835. DOI:10.1021/ja077406x

51. Hoerter, J. M.; Otte, K. M.; Gellman, S. H.; Cui, Q.; Stahl, S. S. Discovery and Mechanistic Study of AlIII-Catalyzed Transamidation of Tertiary AmidesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 647-654. DOI:10.1021/ja0762994

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50. Mowery, B. P.; Lee, S. E.; Kissounko, D. A.; Epand, R. F.; Epand, R. M.; Weisblum, B.; Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H. Mimicry of Antimicrobial Host-Defense Peptides by Random CopolymersJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 15474-15476. DOI:10.1021/ja077288d

49. Rogers, M. M.; Kotov, V.; Chatwichien, J.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidative Amination of Alkenes: Improved Catalyst Reoxidation Enables the Use of Alkene as the Limiting ReagentOrg. Lett. 2007, 9, 4331-4334. DOI:10.1021/ol701903r

48. Liu, G.; Stahl, S. S. The Two-Faced Reactivity of Alkenes: Cis – Versus Trans- Aminopalladation in Aerobic Pd- Catalyzed Intramolecular Aza-Wacker ReactionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 6328-6335. DOI:10.1021/ja070424u

47. Popp, B. V.; Stahl, S. S. Insertion of Molecular Oxygen into a Pd-Hydride Bond: Computational Evidence for Two Nearly Isoenergetic PathwaysJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 4410-4422. DOI:10.1021/ja069037v

46. Kotov, V.; Scarborough , C. C.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Amination of Alkenes: Development of Intra- and Intermolecular Aza-Wacker ReactionsInorg. Chem. 2007, 46, 1910-1923. DOI:10.1021/ic061997v

45. Popp, B. V.; Wendlandt, J. E.; Landis, C. R.; Stahl, S. S. Reaction of Molecular Oxygen with an NHC-Coordinated Pd0 Complex: Computational Insights and Experimental ImplicationsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 601-604. DOI:10.1002/anie.200603667

44. Bell, C. Kissounko, D. A.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Catalytic Metathesis of Simple Secondary AmidesAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 761-763. DOI:10.1002/anie.200603588

43. Kissounko, D. A.; Hoerter, J. M.; Guzei, I. A.; Cui, Q.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. TiIV – Mediated Reactions between Primary Amines and Secondary Carboxamides: Amidine Formation Versus TransamidationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 1776-1783. DOI:10.1021/ja0650293

42. Popp, B. V.; Stahl, S. S. Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidation Reactions: Comparison of Benzoquinone and Molecular Oxygen as Stoichiometric Oxidants. In Organometallic Oxidation Catalysis, Meyer, F., Limberg, C. Eds.; Springer: New York, Topics in Organometallic Chemistry 2007, 22, 149-189. DOI:10.1007/3418_039

41. Rogers, M. M.; Stahl, S. S. N-Heterocyclic Carbenes as Ligands for High-Oxidation-State Metal Complexes and Oxidation Catalysis. In N-Heterocyclic Carbenes in Transition Metal Catalysis, Glorius, F., Ed.; Springer: New York, Topics in Organometallic Chemistry 2007, 21, 21-46. DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-36930-1_2

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40. Scarborough , C. C.; Stahl, S. S. Synthesis of Pyrrolidines via Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidative Carboamination of Butyl Vinyl Ether and Styrenes with Allyl TosylamidesOrg. Lett. 2006, 8, 3251-3254. DOI:10.1021/ol061057e

39. Liu, G.; Stahl, S. S. Highly Regioselective Pd-Catalyzed Intermolecular Aminoacetoxylation of Alkenes and Evidence for cis -Aminopalladation and SN2 C-O Bond FormationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 7179-7181. DOI:10.1021/ja061706h

38. Rogers, M. M.; Wendlandt, J. E.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Intramolecular Oxidative Amination of Alkenes Catalyzed by NHC-Coordinated Palladium ComplexesOrg. Lett. 2006, 8, 2257-2260. DOI:10.1021/ol060327q

37. Konnick, M. M.; Gandhi, B. A.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Reaction of Molecular Oxygen with a PdII-Hydride to Produce a PdII-Hydroperoxide: Acid Catalysis and Implications for Pd-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation ReactionsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 2904-2907. DOI:10.1002/anie.200600532

36. Hoerter, J. M.; Otte, K. M.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanism of AluminumIII-Catalyzed Transamidation of Unactivated Secondary CarboxamidesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 5177. DOI:10.1021/ja060331x

35. Steinhoff, B. A.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanism of Pd(OAc)2/DMSO-Catalyzed Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation: Mass-Transfer-Limitation Effects and Catalyst Decomposition PathwaysJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 4348-4355. DOI:10.1021/ja057914b

34. Popp, B. V.; Stahl, S. S. ‘Oxidatively-Induced’ Reductive Elimination of Dioxygen from an η2-Peroxopalladium(II) Complex Promoted by Electron-Deficient AlkenesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128, 2804-2805. DOI:10.1021/ja057753b

33. Steinhoff, B. A.; King, A. E.; Stahl, S. S. Unexpected Roles of Molecular Sieves in Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation ReactionsJ. Org. Chem. 2006, 71, 1861-1868. DOI:10.1021/jo052192s

32. Popp, B. V.; Thorman, J. L.; Stahl, S. S. Similarities Between the Reactions of Dioxygen and Alkenes with Palladium(0): Relevance to the Use of Benzoquinone and Molecular Oxygen as Stoichiometric Oxidants in Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidation ReactionsJ. Mol. Catal., A: Chem. 2006, 251, 2-7. DOI:10.1016/j.molcata.2006.02.019

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31. Timokhin, V. I. ; Stahl, S. S. Brønsted Base-Modulated Regioselectivity in the Aerobic Oxidative Amination of Styrene Catalyzed by PalladiumJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 17888-17893. DOI: 10.1021/ja0562806

30. Stahl, S. S. Palladium-Catalyzed Oxidation of Organic Chemicals with O2Science 2005, 309, 1824-1826. DOI: 10.1126/science.1114666

29. Kissounko, D. A.; Guzei, I. A.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Titanium(IV)-Mediated Conversion of Carboxamides to Amidines and Implications for Catalytic TransamidationOrganometallics 2005, 24, 5208-5210. DOI: 10.1021/om050768y

28. Scarborough, C. C.; Popp, B. V.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl, S. S. Development of 7-Membered N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands for Transition MetalsJ. Organomet. Chem. 2005, 690, 6143-6155. DOI: 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2005.08.022

27. Scarborough, C. C.; Grady, M. J. W.; Guzei, I. A.; Gandhi, B. A.; Bunel, E. E.; Stahl, S. S. PalladiumII Complexes Possessing a Seven-Membered N-Heterocyclic Carbene LigandAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 5269-5272. DOI:10.1002/anie.200501522

26. Eldred, S. E.; Pancost, M. R.; Otte, K. M.; Rozema, D.; Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H. Effects of Side Chain Configuration and Backbone Spacing on the Gene Delivery Properties of Lysine-Derived Cationic PolymersBioconjugate Chem. 2005, 16, 694-699. DOI:10.1021/bc050017c

25. Brice, J. L.; Harang, J. E.; Timokhin, V. I.; Anastasi, N. R.; Stahl, S. S. Aerobic Oxidative Amination of Unactivated Alkenes Catalyzed by PalladiumJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 2868-2869. DOI:10.1021/ja0433020

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24. Landis, C. R.; Morales, C. M.; Stahl, S. S. Insights into the Spin-Forbidden Reaction between L2Pd0 and Molecular OxygenJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 16302-16303. DOI:10.1021/ja044674b

23. Popp, B. V.; Thorman, J. L.; Morales, C. M.; Landis, C. R.; Stahl, S. S. “Inverse-Electron-Demand” Ligand Substitution: Experimental and Computational Insights into Olefin Exchange at Palladium(0)J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 14832-14842. DOI:10.1021/ja0459734

22. Steinhoff, B. A.; Guzei, I. A.; Stahl S. S. Mechanistic Characterization of Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation Catalyzed by Pd(OAc)2 / Pyridine Including Identification of the Catalyst Resting State and the Origin of Non-Linear [Catalyst] DependenceJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 11268-11278. DOI:10.1021/ja049962m

21. Konnick, M. M.; Guzei, I. A.; and Stahl, S. S. Characterization of Peroxo and Hydroperoxo Intermediates in the Aerobic Oxidation of N-Heterocyclic-Carbene-Coordinated Palladium(0)J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 10212-10213. DOI:10.1021/ja046884u

20. Stahl, S. S. Palladium Oxidase Catalysis: Selective Oxidation of Organic Chemicals via Direct Dioxygen-Coupled Catalytic TurnoverAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 3400-3420. DOI:10.1002/anie.200300630

19. Brice, J. l.; Meerdink, J. M.; Stahl, S. S. Formation of Enamides via Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Vinyl Transfer from Vinyl Ethers to Nitrogen NucleophilesOrg. Lett. 2004, 6, 1845-1848. DOI:10.1021/ol0494360

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18. Timokhin, V. I.; Anastasi, N. R.; Stahl, S. S. Dioxygen-Coupled Oxidative Amination of StyreneJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 12996-12997. DOI:10.1021/ja0362149

17. Eldred, S. E.; Stone, D. A.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Catalytic Transamidation under Moderate ConditionsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 3422-3423. DOI:10.1021/ja028242h

16. Stahl, S. S.; Thorman, J. L.; de Silva, N.; Guzei, I. A.; Clark, R. W. ‘Inverse-Electron-Demand’ Ligand Substitution in Palladium(0) Olefin ComplexesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 12-13. DOI:10.1021/ja028738z

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15. Drier, T. O.; Stahl, S. S. The Wisconsin Schlenk Line: Incorporation of an Ergonomic Greaseless Three-Way Valve Design.  Fusion 2002, 3, 25-27.

14. Steinhoff, B. A.; Stahl, S. S. Ligand-Modulated Palladium Oxidation Catalysis: Mechanistic Insights into Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation with the Pd(OAc)2 / Pyridine Catalyst SystemOrg. Lett. 2002, 4, 4179-4181. DOI:10.1021/ol026988e

13. Steinhoff, B. A.; Fix, S. R.; Stahl, S. S. Mechanistic Study of Alcohol Oxidation by the Pd(OAc)2/O2/DMSO Catalyst System and Implications for the Development of Improved Aerobic Oxidation CatalystsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124, 766-767. DOI:10.1021/ja016806w

12. Fix, S. R.; Brice, J. L.; Stahl, S. S. Efficient Intramolecular Oxidative Amination of Olefins through Direct Dioxygen-Coupled Palladium CatalysisAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2002, 41, 164-166. DOI:10.1002/1521-3773(20020104)41:1<164::AID-ANIE164>3.0.CO;2-B

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11. Stahl, S. S.; Thorman, J. L.; Nelson, R. C.; Kozee, M. A. Oxygenation of Nitrogen-Coordinated Palladium(0): Synthetic, Structural and Mechanistic Studies and Implications for Aerobic Oxidation CatalysisJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 7188-7189. DOI:10.1021/ja015683c

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Before UW-Madison

10. Oxygen Kinetic Isotope Effects in Methane Monooxygenase.

9. Dioxygen and Alkane Activation by Iron-Containing Enzymes.

8. Mechanistic Studies of the Reaction of Reduced Methane Monooxygenase Hydroxylase with Dioxygen and Substrates.

7. Homogeneous Oxidation of Alkanes by Electrophilic Late Transition Metals.

6. Investigation of the Factors Affecting the Stability of Dihydrogen Adducts of Platinum(II).

5. Alkylplatinum(II) Intermediates in C-H Activation by Platinum Complexes in Aqueous Solution.

4. Exploring the Mechanism of Aqueous C-H Activation by Pt(II) through Model Chemistry: Evidence for the Intermediacy of Alkylhydridoplatinum(IV) and Alkane σ-Adducts.

3. Formation and Reductive Elimination of a Hydridoalkylplatinum(IV) Intermediate upon Protonolysis of an Alkylplatinum(II) Complex.

2. C-H Activation by Aqueous Platinum Complexes: A Mechanistic Model.

1. Oxidation of Zeise’s Salt by [PtCl6]2- : A Mechanistic Model for Hydrocarbon Oxidation.

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20. Stahl, S.; Tereniak, S. Method for Aerobic Oxidative Coupling of Thiophenes with a Ligand-Supported Palladium Catalyst. US Patent 10858334 B2, December 8, 2020.

19. Hegg, E. L.; Yuan, Z.; Hodge, D. B.; Stahl. S. S.; Bals, B. D. Economical Methods for Performing Oxidative Catalytic Pretreatment of Plant Biomass Using a Homogeneous Catalyst System. US Patent Application US 2020/0332376 A1, October 22, 2020.

18. Stahl, S. S.; Gerken, J. B.; Anson, C. W.; Root, T. W.; Preger, Y. Flow-Based Anode for the Electrocatalytic Oxidation of a Fuel or Other Reductant. US Patent 10727518 B2, July 28, 2020.

17. Stahl, S. S.; Gerken, J. B. High Solubility Thioether Quinones. US Patent 10597359 B2, March 24, 2020.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 11021441 B2, June 1, 2021.

16. Stahl, S. S.; Rafiee, M. Polycarboxylated Compounds and Compositions Containing Same. US Patent 10336868 B2, July 2, 2019.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 11028235 B2, June 8, 2021.

15. Stahl, S. S.; Biswas, S.; Anson, C. W.; Preger, Y.; Root, T. Flow-Based Cathode with Immobilized Non-Platinum Transition Metal Redox Catalyst. US Patent Application US 2019/0131650 A1, May 2, 2019.

14. Stahl, S. S.; Rafiee, M. Nitroxyl-Mediated Oxidation of Lignin and Polycarboxylated Products. US Patent 9903028 B2, February 27, 2018.

13. Stahl, S. S.; Gerken, J. B.; Anson, C. W. Charge Transfer Mediator Based Systems for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction. US Patent 9711818 B2, July 18, 2017.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 9812727 B2, November 7, 2017.

12. Stahl, S.S.; Powell, A.B.; Root, T.W.; Mannel, D.S.; Ahmed, M.S. Conversion of Alcohols to Alkyl Esters and Carboxylic Acids Using Heterogeneous Palladium-Based Catalysts. US Patent 9593064 B2, March 14, 2017.
Divisional Patent: US Patent 9957217 B2, May 1, 2018.

11. Stahl, S. S.; Coon, J.; Rahimi, A.; Ulbrich, A. Selective C-O Bond Cleavage of Oxidized Lignin and Lignin-Type Materials into Simple Aromatic Compounds. US Patent 9359391 B2, June 7, 2016.

10. Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S.; Mowery, B. P.; Barron, A.; Dohm, M. Nylon-3 Co-Polymers and Synthetic Lung Surfactant Compositions Containing Same. US Patent 9044392 B2, June 2, 2015.
Divisional Patent: US Patent 9925213 B2, March 27, 2018.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 10736915 B2, August 11, 2020.

9. Stahl, S. S.; Rahimi, A. Selective Aerobic Alcohol Oxidation Method for Conversion of Lignin into Simple Aromatic Compounds. US Patent 8969534 B2, March 3, 2015.

8. Gerken, J. B.; Stahl, S. S. Buffered Cobalt Oxide Catalysts. US Patent 8956525 B2, February 17, 2015.
Divisional Patent: US Patent 9534305 B2, January 3, 2017.

7. Stahl, S. S.; Gerken, J. B.; Chen, J. Y.; Massé, R. C.; Shaner, S. E.; Porubsky, N. J. Catalysts Having Mixed Metal Oxides. US Patent Application US 2013/0206608 A1, August 15, 2013.

6. Kasher, R.; Avneri, S.; Lutsky, M. Y.; Zhang, J.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Immobilization of Antimicrobial Polymers on RO Membrane to Reduce Biofilm Growth and Biofouling. International Patent Application WO 2012/172547 A1, December 20, 2012.

5. Gerken, J. B.; Stahl, S. S. Cobalt Oxyfluoride Catalysts for Electrolytic Dissociation of Water. US Patent 8192609 B2, June 5, 2012.

4. Smith, C. B.; Kissounko, D. A.; Gellman, S. H.; Stahl, S. S. Catalytic Metathesis of Secondary Amides. US Patent 8039669 B2, October 18, 2011.

3. Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H.; Lee, S. E.; Ilker, M. F.; Weisblum, B.; Kissounko, D. A. Poly-β-Peptides from Functionalized β-Lactam Monomers and Antibacterial Compositions Containing Same. US Patent 7951912 B2, May 31, 2011.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 8519095 B2, August 27, 2013.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 9120892 B2, September 1, 2015.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 9683081 B2, June 20, 2017.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 10323121 B2, June 18, 2019.

2. Stahl, S. S.; Scarborough , C. C. Seven-Membered Heterocyclic Carbenes and their Metal Complexes. US Patent 7750149 B2, July 6, 2010.
Continuation Patent: US Patent 8163900 B2, April 24, 2012.

1. Stahl, S. S.; Gellman, S. H.; Eldred, S. E. Catalytic Transamidation and Amide Metathesis under Moderate Conditions. US Patent 7154004 B2, December 26, 2006.

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